What is the web application framework

Due to the desire to create GUIs in applications with less development effort, application frameworks proved to be a good solution, by providing a standard framework with underlying pre-defined code structure. For example, MFC (Microsoft Foundation Classes) is an application framework used in the Windows environment to develop applications in the C++ language. MFC has all the tools for automatic code generation for GUI controls within the framework.

An application framework acts as a tool to supply the structure and templates for constructing an application. By using object-oriented techniques while implementing the framework, pre-existing classes can be used to build the applications easily. Advantages of using application frameworks are:

  • The componentization of the framework allows developers to use it in a piece-by-piece fashion. This results in better allocation of developers based on their expertise, reduction in errors, and a lower cost of development.
  • Code and design reusability helps in the usage of tested components, which increases the quality.
  • Extensibility for customizing the framework to implement business requirements.
  • Simplicity is achieved by the encapsulation feature, which helps control components access and provide data security.
  • Better code maintenance because all the base code is centralized in a single location.
  • In addition to the code, the predefined interactions between different classes form a template to reduce the development effort. This provides a better beginning for software development and aids in rapid application development.